What is the meaning of grievous bodily harm?

In the UK, grievous bodily harm (GBH) is a legal term used to describe a serious physical injury inflicted upon another person. It is an offense that falls under the broader category of "non-fatal offenses against the person" and carries significant legal consequences.

GBH refers to intentional harm caused to another person that results in severe injuries. The exact definition and interpretation of GBH may vary slightly across different jurisdictions within the UK, but generally, it includes injuries such as broken bones, disfigurement, internal organ damage, or injuries that cause long-term or permanent impairment to the victim's health.

The Offences Against the Person Act 1861 is the primary legislation governing offenses related to GBH in England and Wales, while Scotland has its own laws and legal provisions.

GBH is considered a serious offense due to the potential physical and psychological harm inflicted upon the victim. Depending on the specific circumstances and severity of the harm caused, charges related to GBH can range from grievous bodily harm (GBH) to more severe offenses such as causing grievous bodily harm with intent or malicious wounding with intent. The penalties for such offenses can include lengthy prison sentences.

It's important to note that legal definitions and interpretations can evolve over time, and it's always advisable to consult the specific statutes and legal authorities for the most accurate and up-to-date information regarding the meaning and implications of grievous bodily harm in the UK.

What is the grievous bodily harm crimes act?

there are relevant laws that cover offenses related to grievous bodily harm (GBH) and similar crimes. Here are some key laws in the UK that pertain to GBH:

Offenses Against the Person Act 1861: This legislation is an important statute in England and Wales that covers a range of offenses against the person, including grievous bodily harm (GBH). Section 18 of this act addresses causing grievous bodily harm with intent, which is a more serious offense. Section 20 covers unlawful and malicious wounding or inflicting grievous bodily harm, which is a lesser offense.

Criminal Justice Act 1988: This act introduced the offense of "causing grievous bodily harm with intent" as a specific offense in England and Wales. It applies to cases where there is an intentional infliction of serious injury with the specific intent to cause grievous bodily harm.

Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 2003: In Scotland, offenses related to GBH are governed by the Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 2003. It covers various crimes against the person, including serious assault and malicious injury.

It's important to note that the laws and specific provisions may vary between England and Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland, as different legal systems exist within the UK. It is recommended to refer to the appropriate legislation and consult legal professionals or authoritative sources for accurate and up-to-date information regarding the specific laws and statutes related to grievous bodily harm in the UK.


For Professional Information and Dedicated Help!

Get In Touch

0208 124 3222


What is bodily harm in criminal law?

In criminal law in the UK, "bodily harm" refers to any injury or harm caused to a person's body, whether it is physical or psychological in nature. The term is often used in the context of offenses against the person, such as assault or grievous bodily harm.

The definition and interpretation of bodily harm may vary slightly across different statutes and legal jurisdictions within the UK. However, it generally includes any form of injury, hurt, or damage inflicted upon a person's physical well-being, ranging from minor injuries to more severe harm.

Bodily harm can encompass various types of injuries, such as cuts, bruises, fractures, burns, internal injuries, or any other physical damage caused to the body. It can also extend to psychological harm or mental distress, such as emotional trauma or psychiatric injuries if it is a result of deliberate actions or offenses.

The term "bodily harm" is often used in conjunction with other offenses to determine the severity of an offense. For example, "grievous bodily harm" (GBH) refers to more serious injuries causing significant harm or long-term damage.

It is important to consult the relevant legislation, case law, and legal authorities to obtain precise definitions and interpretations of bodily harm in specific legal contexts within the UK.

Can I Switch My Current Lawyer To A New One?

Yes, TMC Solicitors allows you to switch lawyers. You are definitely allowed to change lawyers at any time if you suspect your present attorney fails to offer the services you require or are expecting of them. You can get in touch with us, and we'll set up a session to discuss your best options. You may read our reviews of our solicitors here to get a better sense of which lawyers in London are the best.

How Much Does An Immigration Solicitor Cost The UK?

The cost of hiring an immigration solicitor in the UK can vary depending on several factors, including the complexity of your case, the specific services required, the experience and reputation of the solicitor or law firm, and the location within the UK. It's important to note that legal fees can vary significantly, and it's recommended to consult with solicitors directly to obtain accurate and up-to-date information about their fees. It's important to inquire about the specific fee structure and obtain a clear breakdown of the costs during the initial assessment with the solicitor. It is also advisable to discuss any additional expenses or disbursements, such as application fees, translation services, or courier charges, that may be incurred during the immigration process.

Can TMC Solicitors Assist With Employment Law Matters Outside Of The United Kingdom?

Yes, TMC Solicitors can provide assistance and guidance with employment law matters outside of the United Kingdom. We have experience in dealing with international employment issues and can offer tailored advice based on the relevant jurisdiction.

Do Prisoners Get Benefits In The UK?

Prisoners in the UK are not entitled to most state benefits while they are in prison. This is because their basic needs, such as food, shelter, and clothing, are already provided for by the state. However, prisoners may be eligible for some benefits under certain circumstances, such as: Disability benefits Child benefit Housing benefit Universal Credit It is important to note that prisoners cannot make new claims for benefits while they are in prison, and any existing benefits they were receiving prior to imprisonment may be suspended or reduced. However, prisoners may be able to make arrangements to have their benefits reinstated or re-evaluated upon release.

What Is TMC Solicitors' Experience In Handling Litigation Cases?

TMC Solicitors has extensive experience in handling a wide range of litigation cases, including civil, commercial, and employment disputes. We have successfully represented clients in various court proceedings and alternative dispute resolution methods.

How Much Does It Cost To Hire A Corporate & Commercial Law Solicitor?

The cost of hiring a TMC solicitor depends on the specific needs you have and the solicitor you choose to work with. You can simply browse our website or get in touch with us to learn more about our fee spectrum.

Can TMC Solicitors Assist With International Company Formation?

Yes, TMC Solicitors has experience in assisting with international company formation, including advising on jurisdiction selection, cross-border transactions, and compliance with international laws.

What Is The Duration Of An EEA Family Permit?

A family permit is obtained for six months to go to the UK.

How Popular Are TMC Solicitors In The Field Of Litigation And Dispute Resolution?

TMC Solicitors is highly regarded and recognized for its expertise in litigation and dispute resolution. For our professionalism, legal knowledge, and capacity to secure favorable results for our clients, they have earned a solid reputation from us.

Can TMC Solicitors Assist With Contract Negotiation?

Yes, TMC Solicitors has extensive experience in contract negotiation. We can provide expert guidance and advice throughout the negotiation process, helping you achieve favorable terms and protecting your interests. Our expertise in commercial law allows us to identify potential risks and opportunities, ensuring that the final contract reflects your needs and minimizes potential liabilities.


What are the requirements for grievous bodily harm?

In the UK, the offense of grievous bodily harm (GBH) requires the following elements to be established:

Actus Reus (Guilty Act): a. Infliction of Physical Harm: The accused must have caused physical harm to the victim. The harm can range from significant injuries to more severe harm, such as broken bones, serious wounds, internal organ damage, or any other form of substantial physical injury. b. Causation: There must be a causal link between the accused's actions and the resulting harm. The harm inflicted must be directly caused by the accused's actions or conduct.

Mens Rea (Guilty Mind): a. Intention to Cause Grievous Bodily Harm: The accused must have intended to cause grievous bodily harm to the victim. This means that they must have had the specific purpose or desire to cause serious harm to the victim's body. The intention can be inferred from the circumstances, such as the nature of the attack or the use of a dangerous weapon.

It's important to note that there are different levels of intent recognized in relation to GBH:

Intent to Cause Grievous Bodily Harm (Section 18 Offense): The accused had a specific intent to cause serious harm, regardless of whether it was premeditated or spontaneous.

Intent to Cause Some Harm or Resisting Arrest (Section 20 Offense): The accused had the intention to cause some harm or was resisting arrest, which resulted in grievous bodily harm.

Recklessness (Section 20 Offense): The accused acted with reckless disregard for the victim's physical well-being, which resulted in grievous bodily harm. Recklessness implies that the accused foresaw the risk of causing serious harm but proceeded with their actions regardless.

It's worth noting that the specific elements and definitions of grievous bodily harm may vary slightly between different jurisdictions within the UK, such as England and Wales, Scotland, or Northern Ireland. It is important to consult the relevant legislation, a   case law, and seek legal advice for precise information based on the jurisdiction in question.

What is the difference between assault and grievous bodily harm?

In the UK, assault and grievous bodily harm (GBH) are distinct offenses that differ in terms of the level of harm caused and the severity of the offense. Here's a breakdown of the differences:


Assault refers to the intentional act of causing apprehension or fear of immediate unlawful violence in another person. It does not necessarily involve physical contact or causing actual bodily harm. Assault can be committed through threats, gestures, or any act that creates a reasonable fear of violence in the victim. Assault is categorized into two types:

a. Common Assault: Common assault, also known as simple assault, involves the intentional application of force or the act of causing another person to apprehend immediate unlawful violence. It encompasses minor physical contact or actions that create fear or apprehension in the victim. Common assault is a less serious offense than GBH.

b. Assault occasioning Actual Bodily Harm (ABH): Assault occasioning ABH refers to an assault that causes actual bodily harm to the victim. Actual bodily harm is defined as any harm that is more than transient or trifling, and it can include minor injuries such as bruises, cuts, or scratches. Assault occasioning ABH is a more serious offense than common assault but less severe than GBH.

Grievous Bodily Harm (GBH):

GBH is a more serious offense than assault and involves causing serious physical harm or injury to another person intentionally or recklessly. GBH includes injuries that are more substantial, severe, or life-threatening in nature. It can encompass broken bones, severe lacerations, internal organ damage, disfigurement, or injuries that result in long-term impairment or disability. GBH can be charged under different levels of intent, such as with intent to cause grievous bodily harm (Section 18 offense) or maliciously inflicting grievous bodily harm (Section 20 offense).

The key distinction between assault and GBH lies in the level of harm inflicted. Assault can involve threats or causing a reasonable fear of violence, while GBH involves causing serious physical harm resulting in significant injury.

It's important to consult the relevant legislation and seek legal advice for precise information and guidance regarding assault and GBH, as interpretations and definitions may vary between jurisdictions within the UK.

Why choose TMC Solicitors?

TMC Solicitors is the premier law firm in the United Kingdom for those facing charges of Grievous Bodily Harm. Our team of experienced attorneys specializes in criminal defense, particularly in cases involving severe injury or harm to another person. We provide personalized legal representation to ensure that our clients receive the best possible outcome in their cases. With decades of experience and a proven track record of success, TMC Solicitors is the clear choice for those seeking expert legal advice and representation. We are committed to fighting tirelessly for our client’s rights and protecting their interests throughout every stage of the legal process. If you're facing charges of Grievous Bodily Harm, choose TMC Solicitors for unparalleled expertise and support.

Our focus is on providing personalized and cost-effective solutions to our clients. We are known for our professional approach, attention to detail, and commitment to achieving justice for victims of GBH. We offer a wide range of legal services, including representation in court, negotiating with opposing counsel, drafting legal documents, and advice on how best to proceed with your case. We have a proven track record of success with many satisfied clients who have sought our help over the years.

At TMC Solicitors, we are dedicated to providing our clients with expert legal advice and support throughout the entire process. Our team is always available to answer all your questions and address any concerns you may have about your case.

In summary, if you're looking for an experienced law firm in the UK that specializes in grievous bodily harm cases, then look no further than TMC Solicitors. We are committed to delivering excellent service with empathy toward your situation and will ensure that we get you the justice you deserve.